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-Mohammed Ahmed F

India teen tells US how to save $400 million by changing font

India teen tells US how to save $400 million by changing font


This article is taken from THE HINDU Newspaper, dated 31 / 03 / 2014 (Monday), under the Educational Plus Section.

A 14-year-old Indian-origin boy has come up with a unique plan that could help the U.S. save nearly $400 million a year by merely changing the font used on official documents.

Suvir Mirchandani, a student in a Pittsburgh-area middle school, claimed that if the federal government used the Garamond font exclusively it could save about $136 million per year, nearly 30 per cent less than the estimated $467 dollars it spends annually on ink.

An additional $234 million could be saved annually if state governments also implemented the change.

Mirchandani said the idea came to him when he was trying to think of ways to cut waste and save money as part of a science fair project at his school, CNN reported.

The youngster noticed that he was getting a lot more handouts than he did in elementary school and decided to figure out if he could minimise use of paper and ink.

While recycling paper was one way to save money and conserve resources, Mirchandani said little attention had been paid to the ink used on the papers.

“Ink is two times more expensive than French perfume by volume,” he said, adding that he then decided to focus his project on finding ways to cut down the cost of ink.

As part of his experiment, he collected random samples of teachers’ handouts and focused on the most commonly used characters such as e, t, a, o and r.

He noted how often each character was used in different fonts like Garamond, Times New Roman, Century Gothic and Comic Sans and then measured how much ink was used for each letter, using an ink coverage software.

From his analysis, Mirchandani figured out that by using the Garamond font with its thinner strokes, his school district could reduce its ink consumption by 24 per cent and in turn save as much as $21,000 annually.

He repeated his tests on five sample pages from documents on the Government Printing Office website and got similar results that changing the font would save money.

Mirchandani’s findings have been published in the Journal for Emerging Investigators (JEI), a publication founded by a group of Harvard students in 2011 that provides a platform for the work of middle school and high school students.

One of the journal’s founders Sarah Fankhauser said that of the nearly 200 submissions they have received since 2011, Mirchandani’s project stood out.

“We were so impressed. We really could really see the real-world application in Suvir’s paper,” Fankhauser was quoted as saying.

JEI challenged the teenager to apply his project to a larger scale, preferably the federal government, to determine how much real savings his idea could generate.

The government has an annual printing expenditure of $1.8 billion and implementing Mirchandani’s idea on such a massive scale was more challenging than a school science project, the CNN report said.

Media and public relations manager at the Government Printing Office Gary Somerset described Mirchandani’s idea as “remarkable” but said it was concentrating on saving money by publishing documents online instead of hard copies.

“They can’t convert everything to a digital format,” Mirchandani said.

“Not everyone is able to access information online. Some things still have to be printed. I recognise it’s difficult to change someone’s behaviour,” he said.

But “I definitely would love to see some actual changes and I’d be happy to go as far as possible to make that change possible,” he said.

Let's Interact 2 Innovate, folks.

-Chief Administrative Officer.
Framed by C.A.O.

Framed by C.A.O.


The following are the data structures 10 and 5 mark questions framed by the C.A.O. for the 2nd year students.

10 marks:

1. Discuss the various operation of Array with example.
2. Explain the conversion of infix to posting. Express the algorithm with example.
3. Explain insert, delete operation of singly linked list with algorithm.
4. Explain Dijkstra's shortest path algorithm.
5. Explain merge sort algorithm with example.
6. Discuss binary tree traversal.
7. Write algorithm for binary search and explain.
8. Explain quick sort algorithm with example.
9. Explain the applications of queue.
10. Explain the addition of polynomial with algorithm.
11. Explain doubly linked list in detail.
12. Explain hashing function in detail.
13. Explain with an example of recursion and applications of stack.

5 Marks:

1. Explain asymptotic notation.
2. Write short note on ordered list.
3. Write down the algorithm of PUSH, POP of stack.
4. Explain with an example of recursion and applications of stack.
5. Write short note on circular linked list.
6. Explain the conversions of forest to binary tree.
7. Write a short note on divide and conquer approach.
8. Explain the operations of stack.
9. Explain the operation of queue.
10. Explain about insertion and deletion of linear queue.
11. Explain singly linked list.
12. Write the types of graph in detail.
13. Explain the algorithm of postfix evaluation.

This has been framed by the C.A.O. himself based on the syllabus and the same cannot be considered to be the important or mostly repeatedly asked questions. Claims pertaining to the same will not be entertained. 

-Chief Administrative Officer.
App updated. v2.13.163

App updated. v2.13.163


The developers of the Android App have updated "The New College (Autonomous)" Android App and have published the same on the Google Play Store.

The developers have requested you all to utilize the available feature and rate the app on the Google Play Store to get exciting updates in the future, Insha Allah.

And also to share the details about the app to your friends!

-Chief Administrative Officer.

Android App Published!


Your Appiness has just arrived!

To find the New Room Numbers, Download "The New College (Autonomous)" Android App from the Google Play Store.

Share it among your friends, a very useful app finally!

Direct download link -

From the students of the Department of Computer Applications.

-Chief Administrative Officer.
9000 PV!

9000 PV!


Thank you for your continued interest towards this blog. Hope you like our service and the updates given timely, Alhamdulillaahi Rabbil 'Aalameen.

Sal'lal'lahu 'Aliehi Vasal'lam.

Insha Allah, very soon a new blog will be launched with hacking tutorials, tips and tricks, the genuine one as this blog and not the fake as our pirated blog made to damage the reputation of this blog!

Once again, Thank you friends for your continued interest!

-Chief Administrative Officer.

Copyright Infringement Claim!

Copyright Infringement Claim!


As the Chief Administrative Officer of this blog is facing Copyright Infringement Claim from the Author and Publisher of the book titled - "Designing and Web Standards", the same have been removed from the cloud storage in

Claims pertaining that the given link is missing or broken shall not be entertained henceforth with respect to the book titled above.

Issued in Students Interest and On Demand by the Author, Publisher and the Company.

-Chief Administrative Officer.

What is this???


Do you want to know what is hidden behind this QR Code? Do you want to know the hidden information in this QR Code? Then why not scan this!

After you scan this, are you willing to share this QR Code among your friends? Then why not!! Why not share this QR Code on Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, Telegram, MMS and via many more means!!

-Chief Administrator Officer.
About this blog

About this blog


Although it was started to kill time, Alhamdulillaahi Rabbil 'Aalameen, this blog has excelled in many ways and it's unique as well and we are helping with educational resources and softwares for practise for the students and highly recommended courses offered by the Government and Private Educational Institutions.

It could not have happened without you the readers, followers of this blog.

My special thanks to Mr. M. I. Seyadu Umar Farook Sir and his highly dedicated team of faculty members for the support towards this unofficial blog.

-Chief Administrative Officer.



Based on a information provided, the IT Wing of The New College (Autonomous) has won 7 consecutive Overall Championship.

Here is a snap of the 7th consecutive Championship won the students of IT Wing, The New College (Autonomous), Chennai.

-Chief Administrative Officer.
Top 10 worst resume terms

Top 10 worst resume terms


Strike these words and phrases from your resume today

Resumes are your most precious professional real estate, so don’t waste valuable space on clichés and tired, old phrases that express nothing, other than the fact that you love vapid buzzwords. CareerBuilder recently asked more than 2,200 hiring managers and HR pros across the U.S. to name the worst resumes terms they see. Pull up your resume, for compare/contrast purposes, and read ahead.

Best of breed - It may include “best” but hiring managers say this is the worst term to use on your resume. Any description is better than “best-of-breed” technology/app/software what have you. How about “most-effective,” “most-efficient,” “top performing,” “quickest-ROI-returning”?

Go-getter - You certainly aren’t going to get a thesaurus if you use this clunker on your professional best-foot-forward. Think about it, isn’t this a given? What’s the alternative: “passive professional who enjoys waiting for opportunities to land in his lap”? This is one of those terms you need to demonstrate on your resume through your experience and what you have achieved (i.e., metrics). Show, don’t tell.

Think outside the box - This good-’ol management chestnut from the ’80s needs to be put in a box and buried in a deep hole, never again to see the light of day or grace a PowerPoint slide. Again, think about how you can demonstrate this quality without stating it outright.

Synergy - Unless you’re a one-man band, you’re expected to be able to work cooperatively with others to produce a desired outcome. Technically, this is something you learned in kindergarten, so unless you’re also adding your talents in using scissors and glue, delete this immediately. The same goes for any derivative: synergistic, synergize, synergism, etc.

Go-to person - This is one of those red-light terms, in that it’s a label others give you and not one you should give yourself. It’s akin to bragging about how humble you are. Like the earlier “go-getter,” concentrate on how you can substantiate this quality by showing results. If you’re dying to be tagged as the “go-to person” ask your references to ensure to mention it if called. Again, it sounds much more authentic coming from anyone but you.

Thought leadership - Do you have any idea what this means? We certainly don’t. It sounds like someone, sometime took two words they thought would look cool together and mashed them up into some weird buzzword. Is it mind control? Hypnotism? Regardless, avoid at all costs.

Value-add - An economic term that has been shamelessly latched onto pretty much anything under the sun. All anyone knows is that if you add it to a noun, it makes that noun sound better. It also makes you sound like a person who enjoys jamming his resume with outdated, superfluous keywords. There are countless ways to better describe how you made a process, technology, program or company better. Find them.

Results-driven - Another obvious term that is already assumed by a hiring manager. Would anyone state they were “results-indifferent”? Actually, someone might. Regardless, “results-driven” takes up valuable space you could use for other more-compelling adjectives or descriptions.

Team player - Much like the rightly maligned “synergy,” there are better ways of saying you play nice with others. Find them. If you insist on including the team theme, explain why working on a team makes you a more-efficient, productive employee.

Bottom-line - A horribly clichéd way of saying, “I care that my employer is profitable/successful.” Pretty much every employee does, therefore this is another space-waster. If you want to demonstrate how you impact a company’s success (financially, procedurally, etc.), show them, a la: “Trained and managed a team that rolled out a new messaging system ahead of schedule, which saved the company $75,000.”

-Chief Administrative Officer.

18 hot IT certifications for 2014

18 hot IT certifications for 2014


Premium pay for IT certifications is up 1.5 percent; the largest quarterly increase since 2006. Read along as we look at the IT certifications predicted to grow in early 2014.

1. Certified in Risk and Information Systems Control (CRISC)
Premium pay for this ISACA certification has risen 9.1 percent in the last three- and six-month periods. In general, IT certifications from ISACA tend to center on IT governance. Originally offered in 2010, this certification focuses specifically on risk management. "The CRISC is awarded to those experienced in business and technology risk management, and the design, implementation, monitoring and maintenance of IS control," according to CRISC.

Vendor: ISACA

Certification: Certified in Risk and Information Systems Control (CRISC)


A minimum of three years of cumulative work experience executing the tasks of a CRISC pro across at least three CRISC domains.
Take and pass the CRISC exam
Adhere to the ISACA Code of Professional Ethics
Meet the terms of CRISC Continuing Education...

2.CWNP Certified Wireless Security Professional
Wireless security is hot, according to Foote, who goes on to say, "CWNP is a really small company and for them to be on this list is a headline." This wireless security certification has been riding high. Premium pay is up 35 percent over the last 12 months, 28 percent in the last six months and 20 percent in the last three months, making it a marketable bullet point on your resume.

This advanced certification teaches individuals how to securely set up and run enterprise wireless LAN.

Vendor: CWNP

Certification: Certified Wireless Security Professional


To earn the CWSP certification, you must pass two exams

3. CWNP/Certified Wireless Network Expert
Here is another CWNP certification that is seeing a huge spike in premium pay. Value/demand for this role is up 42 percent in the last 12 months, 37.3 percent in the last six months and 30 percent in the three months.

This is the highest level of certification offered by CWNP. Recipients should have a mastery of skills relating to the installation, configuration, troubleshooting of enterprise Wi-Fi networks.

Vendor: CWNP

Certification: Certified Wireless Network Expert


Valid and current CWSP, CWAP and CWDP certifications (requires CWNA).
Three years of documented enterprise Wi-Fi implementation experience.
Three professional endorsements.
Two other current, valid professional networking certifications.
Documentation of three enterprise Wi-Fi (500 word essays.)
Re-certification every three years.

4. GIAC Certified Forensics Analyst (GCFA)
This intermediate forensics certification is targeting individuals in the information security, incident response and computer forensics field who focus on only Windows and Linux operating systems. Value/demand for this role has climbed an impressive 16.7 percent in the last 12 months.

Vendor: GIAC

Certification: Certified Forensics Analyst (GCFA)


One proctored exam
115 questions
Time limit of three hours
Minimum Passing Score of 69 percent

*No Specific training is required for any GIAC certification.

5. GIAC Certified Intrusion Analyst (GCIA)
Pay premiums for this IT certification have gone up more than 37.5 percent in the last 12 months and with the state of IT security demand for this certification is likely to increase, according to Foote Partners data.

Individuals who receive this certification should be familiar with intrusion detection systems, analysis of network traffic and log files.

Vendor: GIAC

Certification: Certified Intrusion Analyst (GCIA)

*No Specific training is required for any GIAC certification.

One proctored exam
150 questions
Time limit of four hours
Minimum Passing Score of 67 percent

*No Specific training is required for any GIAC certification.

6. HP/Accredited Solutions Certification
Each of these HP certifications has seen gains of at least 9 percent over the last two quarters and Foote Partners is predicting that this trend will continue for at least the next three-six months. There are a number of different certifications offered.

Vendor: HP

HP/Accredited Solutions Expert (ASE - all) 
HP/Master Accredited Solutions Expert (MASE - all) 
HP/Master Accredited Systems Engineer (Master ASE)

You can download the different HP certification paths here (

7. Information Systems Security Engineering Professional (ISSEP/CISSP)
Developed with input from the NSA, this vendor-neutral security certification is about integrating security into all forms of information systems applications and projects. In a recent interview David Foote, the CEO mentioned that employers are paying less for security in a time where security is at the forefront, an interesting trend an keep an eye on.

Demand/pay premium has risen 8.3 percent in the last 12 months, 30 percent in the last six months and 18.2 percent in the last three months.

Vendor: ISC2

Certification: Information Systems Security Engineering Professional (ISSEP/CISSP)

There are several prerequisites for these IT security certifications. (

8. Microsoft Certified Architect (MCA)
Microsoft announced in late August that this certification and others would be retired as of December 31 with no clear replacements, angering many people who are current or on the path to Microsoft's highest level IT certifications. We reached out to Microsoft and was told that the program was too costly and time consuming for both MCSM candidates and Microsoft. They are now investigating future ways to make this program more scalable.

With that said, premium pay for this cert rose more than 10 percent in the last quarter and will likely continue to do so, according to Foote Partners.

Vendor: Microsoft

Certification: Microsoft Certified Architect (MCA)

9. Microsoft Certified Solutions Master (all)
This is another elite Microsoft certification that is being retired December 31st with no clear successor. However, employers are still willing to pay extra for these certifications. Individuals with this certification, according to Microsoft, have the deepest level of product expertise.

Here is Microsoft official statement on why the certifications are being retired: "The IT industry is changing rapidly and we will continue to evaluate the certification and training needs of the industry to determine what the right certification is for the pinnacle of our program."

Vendor: Microsoft

Certification: Microsoft Certified Solutions Master (all)

10. Open Group Certified Architect (Open CA)
Currently, this vendor-neutral certification is focused squarely on IT architecture, but according to the Open Group website, the plan is to incorporate more business and enterprise architecture into the programs. Employers have paid a premium of 16.7 percent over the last 12 months to individuals with this certification under their belt.

Vendor: Open Group

Certification: Open Group Certified Architect (Open CA)

The program is based upon four key documents:

The Certification Policy, which sets out the policies and processes by which an individual may achieve certification.
The Conformance Requirements, in which the skills and experience that a Certified Architect must possess are documented
The Accreditation Requirements (

11. Open Group Master Architect
Another vendor-neutral certification from the Open Group, this is the 2nd level of architect certification it offers. Business and enterprise architect certifications are in development but currently the focus is on IT architecture.

Premium pay for this architect certification is up 14.3 percent in the last 12 months and is forecasted to grow in the next three-six months.

Vendor: Open Group

Certification: Open Group Master Architect

Candidates must meet experience and skills requirements, Certification Policy, either from the Open Group or an ACP.

The Open Group Certified Architect (Open CA) program requires candidates to submit a comprehensive certification package detailing their skills and experience gained on working on architecture related projects, followed by a rigorous peer review process.

12. Oracle Certified Expert MySQL 5.1 Cluster Database Administrator
This certification was formerly known as MySQL Cluster Database Administrator (SCMCDBA). IT pros with his certification are experts at administrating designing, deploying, configuring and maintaining databases that utilize MySQL cluster technology and they are in demand in the enterprise according to Foote Partners 2013 IT Skills Demand and Pay Trends Report. Premium pay for this certification is up a 37.5 percent over the last 12 months.

Vendor: Oracle

Certification: Oracle Certified Expert MySQL 5.1 Cluster Database Administrator

You must have one of the certifications below first:

Oracle Certified Professional, MySQL 5 Database Administrator


Sun Certified MySQL Database Administrator (SCMDBA)
Then you need to pass the exam

13. Oracle Certified Professional MySQL 5 Database Administrator
IT pros awarded this IT certification have mastered all Oracle server related issues. Premium pay/demand for this certification is up 12.5 percent over the last six months.

Vendor: Oracle

Certification: Oracle Certified Professional MySQL 5 Database Administrator

You must pass these two exams to get certified:
1Z0-873 MySQL 5 Database Administrator Certified Professional Exam, Part I
1Z0-874 MySQL 5 Database Administrator Certified Professional Exam, Part II

14. Oracle Database Administrator Certified Master
Oracle's master level certification has risen 8.3 percent in value/demand over the last 12 months. Database certifications are another area that, according to Foote, is a headline. These certifications have been declining for years but recently the pay premium for them has risen. "What's driving this is not the relational database stuff but the non-relational database stuff. It's the NoSQL stuff. We're seeing a lot of spending in data analytics, but we don't see companies getting a lot out of it," says Foote.

Vendor: Oracle

Certification: Oracle Database Administrator Certified Master


15. PMI Risk Management Professional
The PMI-RMP certification ensures that the holders are capable risk management professionals schooled in international best practices for managing project and operational risks. Premium pay for this certification has risen 9.1 percent over the last year.

Vendor: PMI

Certification: PMI Risk Management Professional


A secondary degree (high school diploma, associate's degree or the global equivalent), with at least 4,500 hours of project risk management experience and 40 hours of project risk management education.


A four-year degree (bachelor's degree or the global equivalent), with at least 3,000 hours of project risk management experience and 30 hours of project risk management education.

16. Program Management Professional (PgMP)
The vendor-neutral program management professional certification from PMI is a way to demonstrate your ability to oversee several projects and programs. Premium pay is up 7.7 percent in the last 12 months and is expected to continue upward, according to Foote Partners research.

Vendor: PMI

Certification: Program Management Professional (PgMP)


A secondary degree (high school diploma, associate's degree, or the global equivalent), with at least four years (6,000 hours) of project management experience and seven years (10,500 hours) of program management experience.


A four-year degree (bachelor's degree or the global equivalent), with at least four years (6,000 hours) of project management experience and four years (6,000 hours) of program management experience.

17. Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA)
The RHCA is Red Hat's highest level of certification and recipients must hold the RHCE as a prerequisite. From deployment to systems management in larger enterprise environments this is the top tier. This certification has grown 25 percent in the last three months and is expected to trend upward in the next 3 to 6 months according to Foote Partners.

Vendor: RedHat

Certification: Red Hat Certified Architect (RHCA)


RHCE certification must be current in order to be eligible.
Earn the following Red Hat Certificates of Expertise:
Deployment and Systems Management
Directory Services and Authentication or Red Hat Certified Virtualization Administrator
Clustering and Storage Management
Security: Network Services or Red Hat Certificate of Expertise in Server Hardening
Performance Tuning

18. Teradata: Certified Enterprise Architect
Premium Pay for this architect certification is up 11.1 percent over the last 12 months. It's made gains in the last three quarters and is expected to continue to grow. IT pros with this advanced certification will have an advanced knowledge of Teradata fundamentals such as SQL, design and implementation. It's associated with data warehousing and big data.

Vendor: Teradata

Certification: 12 Certified Enterprise Architect


Candidate must currently hold one of the certifications below.
Teradata 12 Certified Technical Specialist
Teradata 12 Certified Database Administrator
Teradata Certified Solutions Developer
Teradata 12 Certified Enterprise Architect
Candidate must be in good standing with the TCPP program and not have violated security policies and procedures on the previous certification track.

-Chief Administrative Officer.